Recognition of Gender Specific Needs of Women in Criminal Justice System of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa

DONOR: Penal Reform International (PRI), UK


The primary objective of this project is to advocate for Incorporation and Implementation of International Standards for treatment of women and non-custodial measures for women offenders into practice-namely:


Although numbers of female offenders have risen in recent years, women still represent a minority of those involved in the criminal justice system and overall prison population. Due to their minority status with social stigma, which results in a continuum of discrimination. In the absence of gender specific strategies, programmes and facilities to address the needs of women and if they have been placed in detention it only worsens the situation.

“Women in prison were the most vulnerable of detainees in Pakistan”, according to the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan.

In spite of a proactive judiciary in Pakistan, there are some inherent defects in the administration of criminal justice, manifested in its in-effectiveness. The main issues are due to lack of knowledge, advocacy and failure in incorporation and implementation of international standards into domestic legislation, policies and rules.


This project is the continuation of the project Reform in Criminal Justice System and focuses on the treatment of women prisoners.


1. Increased awareness and capacity of targeted criminal justice stakeholders and civil society to advocate for and implement good practice and relevant legislation and international standards on the treatment of women prisoners in particular, the UN Bangkok Rules.

2. Criminal justice stakeholders and civil society identify changes that can be made to their practice/ policies/ guidelines/ legislation (as appropriate) to be in line with the UN Bangkok Rules, and identify and commit to steps/actions to be taken to bring about these changes.


Result 1: Capacity building of civil society (NGOs, law faculty and students) on UN Bangkok Rules

Result 2: Civil society develop joint/co-ordinated plans, and take actions, to advocate for changes to be made in policy/law/practice, in line with the UN Bangkok Rules.*

Result 3: Technical advice and support provided to targeted criminal justice stakeholders (particularly in prisons) and to relevant NGOs, to identify changes that could be made (in line with the Bangkok Rules), and develop action plans for the change to take places.*

Direct Beneficiaries

Progress Indicators

Year 2015

(6 months)

Capacity Building training of Law students, Faculty members, NGOs


Number of participants in trainings 


Advocacy meeting with criminal Justice stakeholders


Press Conference conducted for enactment and implementation of UN BR


Post Cards Campaigns (number of cards distributed) for enactment and implementation of UN BR